In the early 1990s, the Australian cyberart group VNS Matrix (Virginia Barratt, Francesca da Rimini, Julianne Pierce, and Josephine Starrs) and other women’s groups began to discuss the role of feminists in cyberspace. Though not claiming ties with feminism, they referred to such activity as cyberfeminism. VNS Matrix’s 1991 “A Cyberfeminist Manifesto for the 21st Century” set forth a subversive agenda to recode digital culture so that cultural codes of gender are no longer based in male/female binaries.
- Book Section
- (New) Media
- Gender: Sources, Perspectives, and Methodologies, Renée C. Hoogland (ed.), pp. 207–208, Ch. 16, 2016, English
- Macmillan Reference USA, Michigan, United States
- (New) Media, Karen T. Keifer-Boyd. Gender: Sources, Perspectives, and Methodologies, Renée C. Hoogland (ed.), 2016 [pdf 2.62MB]